Emerging Trends of Immunosensors Development for Detection of Food Toxins


  • Fabien Nsanzabera Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7117-7730
  • Aimable Mwiseneza Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0009-0000-2861-6868
  • Evangeline Irakoze Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0009-0003-4018-1635
  • Jean Bosco Nsengiyumva Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0009-0006-8994-8261
  • Barthazar Nduwayezu Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Agriculture and Food Science, College of Agriculture Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda, Rwanda https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6150-7989
  • Alexis Manishimwe Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0009-0008-8144-7942
  • Fabien Nkurikiyimana Department of Education in Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba (UTAB), P.O. Box 25 Byumba – Gicumbi – Rwanda https://orcid.org/0009-0009-4340-3532




Immunosensor, ELISA, SPR, Biosensor, food toxin, foodborne, limit of detection


The present study highlights the ongoing threat of foodborne illnesses to public health, primarily caused by bacterial pathogens. Despite advancements in conventional microbiological testing techniques, which are sensitive but time-consuming, challenges remain in ensuring timely detection of contaminants throughout the food supply chain. The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system is recognized as a more effective approach to ensuring food safety, emphasizing proactive identification and control of hazards at critical points in production. Emerging technologies like quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and biosensors offer faster and more accurate detection methods, although with certain limitations. Biosensors such as ELISA, SPR, and electrochemical immunosensors, in particular, show promise due to their high sensitivity and specificity, enabling rapid detection of a wide range of contaminants. This paper underscores the importance of integrating advanced technologies with established food safety protocols to enhance the safety and quality of food products, benefiting consumers, producers, and regulatory agencies alike.


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How to Cite

Nsanzabera, F., Mwiseneza, A., Irakoze, E., Nsengiyumva, J. B., Nduwayezu, B., Manishimwe, A., & Nkurikiyimana, F. (2024). Emerging Trends of Immunosensors Development for Detection of Food Toxins. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 12(6), 1046–1060. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v12i6.1046-1060.6800



Research Paper