Effects of Different Sources of Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Radish (Raphanus sativus L.)





Raphanus sativus L., Organic Manures, Poultry manure, Growth Parameters, Yield Parameters


Radish is a widely cultivated root crop susceptible to chemicals for its growth and development. The experiment was conducted to study the effect of different sources of organic fertilizers on growth and yield parameters in the Tokinashi variety of radish. The experiment was laid out using one factorial completely randomized block design with six treatments replicated four times. Vermicompost, goat manure, chemical fertilizers (NPK), poultry manure, farmyard manure and control were the applied treatments. Various growth and yield parameters of radish were measured and assessed at 15-day intervals. Various growth and yield parameters of radish were measured and assessed at 15-day intervals. Growth parameters were observed at 15, 30, 45, and 60 days after sowing. For yield parameters, destructive samples were taken and observed at 30 DAS and 45 DAS and harvested at 60 DAS. The assessments of plant growth and yield parameters showed that poultry manure (PM) treatments were superior. At the time of harvesting, the treatment comprising poultry manure had considerably greater plant height (30.55 cm), leaf length (29.44cm), leaf breadth (10.78cm), leaf number per plant (9.23), root diameter (10.33cm) and root length (20.16cm) with superior yield per ha (33.59 mt ha-1). Poultry manure significantly enhanced root yield and was positively correlated with all growth parameters. The highest benefit-cost (B: C) ratio was recorded in chemical fertilizer (3.99), which was statistically at par with poultry manure (3.81), suggesting that poultry manure might potentially replace chemical fertilizers for the Tokinashi variety of radish cultivation.


Agbede, T. (2021). Effect of tillage, biochar, poultry manure and NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer, and their mixture on soil properties, growth and carrot (Daucus carota L.) yield under tropical conditions. Heliyon, 7(6).

Annisha, A., Islam, M. A., Hossain, M., & Hafiz, M. M. (2019). Growth and yield of carrot influenced by organic and inorganic fertilizers with irrigation interval. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 17 (3), 338-343.

Ashraf, M. A., Maah, M. J., & Yusoff, I. (2014). Soil contamination, risk assessment and remediation. Environmental risk assessment of soil contamination, 1, 3-56.

Baitilwake, M. A., Bolle, S. D., Salomez, J., Mrema, J. P., & Neve, S. D. (2011). Effects of manure nitrogen on vegetables yield and nitrogen efficiency in Tanzania.

Basnet, B., Aryal, A., Neupane, A., Bishal, K. C., Rai, N. H., Adhikari, S., & Basnet, M. (2021). Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of radish. Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 4(2), 167-174.

Bremner, J.M. (1960) Determination of Nitrogen in Soil by the Kjeldahl Method. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 55, 11-33.

Carter, M., & Gregorich, E. (2006). Soil sampling and methods of analysis. Lewis Publ. Boca Rat. FL, 481–483.

Dauda, S., Ajayi, F., & Ndor, E. (2008). Growth and yield of water melon (Citrullus lanatus) as affected by poultry manure application. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, 4(3), 121-124.

Etesami, M., Tajpour, F., Khosravi, M., & Biabani, A. (2016). Effect of Organic Manure Mixture on growth and yield of Radish ( Raphanus Sativus L). Directory of Open Access Journals, 296-301. doi: https://doi.org/10.22067/jhorts4.v0i0.35833

Ewulo, B. (2005). Effect of Poultry Dung and Cattle Manure on Chemical Properties of Clay and Sandy Clay Loam Soil. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Advances, 4(10), 839-841.

Goodlass, G., Rahn, C., Shepherd, M. A., Chalmers, A. G., & Seeney, F. M. (1997). The nitrogen requirement of vegetables: comparisons of yield response models and recommendation systems. Journal of Horticultural Science, 72(2), 239-254.

Khatri, K. B., Ojha, R. B., Pande, K. R., & Khanal, B. R. (2019). The effects of different sources of organic manures in growth and yield of radish (Raphanus sativus L. ). International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(1), 39-42.

Kiran, M., Jilani, M. S., Waseem, K., Khan, M. S., Haq, F., Nadim, M. A., & Shaheen, S. (2019). Integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of radish. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 35(3), 933-941.

Kushwah, L., Sharma, R. K., Kushwah, S. S., & Singh, O. P. (2020). Influence of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield and profitability of radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 22(1), 14–18.

Ljoyah, M., & Sophie, V. L. (2009). Effects of different levels of decomposed poultry manure on yield of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L.) at anse Boileau, Seychelles. Agro- Science, 8(1), 20-23.

Mbatha, A. (2008). Influence of organic fertilisers on the yield and quality of cabbage and carrots. Doctoral dissertation, University of the Free State. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11660/1722

Mbatha, A. N., Ceronio, G. M., & Coetzer, G. M. (2014). Response of carrot (Daucus carota L.) yield and quality to organic fertilizer. South African Journal of Plant and Soil, 31(1), 1-6.

MOALD. (2020/21). Statistical Information On Nepalese Agriculture. Kathmandu: MOALD.

Pant, K. R., & Oli, B. (2021). Efficacy of Nitrogen on Growth and Yield of Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) from Different Sources of Organic Manures. nternational Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 9(3), 203-212.

Schollenberger, C.J. and Simon, R.H. (1945) Determination of Exchange Capacity and Exchangeable Bases in Soil-Ammonium Acetate Method. Soil Science, 59, 13-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194501000-00004

Shrestha, A., & Thapa, B. (2018). Effect of different doses of nitrogen on growth and yield parameters of radish (Raphanus sativus l.) in mid-hills of Nepal. Horticulture International Journal, 2(6). https://www.academia.edu/71085588/

Sikora, L., V. Yakovchenko, C. Cambardella and J.W. Doran. 1996.Assessing soil quality by testingorganic matter. In: F. Magdoff et al. (eds.). Soil Organic Matter: Analysis and Interpretation.SSSA Spec. Pub. 46. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI

Snr, P. A., Addo, J. S., Logah, V., & Kyere, C. .. (2020). Effect of Different Soil Amendments and Variety on the Growth and Yield of Carrot (Daucus carota L.). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 32(10), 16-25.

Subedi, S., Srivastav, A., Sharma, M., & Shah, S. (2018). Effect Of Organic And Inorganic Nutrient Sources On Growth, Yield And Quality Of Radish (Raphanus Sativus L.) Varieties In Chitwan, Nepal. SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 16 (1), 61-69.

Suojala, T. (2003). Compositional and quality changes in white cabbage during harvest period and storage. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 78(6), 821-827.

Uddain, J., Chowdhury, S., & Rahman, M. J. (2010). Efficacy of different organic manures on growth and productivity of radish (Raphanus sativus L.). International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 3(2), 189- 193.

Wang, Y., Zhu, Y., Zhang, S., & Wang, Y. (2018). What could promote farmers to replace chemical fertilizers with organic fertilizers? J clean prod, 882-890. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.07.222

Zakaria, A., & Vimala, P. (2002, July). Research and development of organic crop production in Malaysia. Paper presented at expert group workshop on presentation of technical guidelines on organic cultivation of tropical and subtropical fruits, 22-56.

Zeid, H. A., Wafaa, H. M., Abou El Seoud, I. I., & Alhadad, W. A. (2015). Effect of organic materials and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and soil fertility of radish plants (Raphine's sativus) grown in sandy soil. Middle East J. Agric. Res, 4(1), 77-87.




How to Cite

Bhusal, K., Paudel, A., Bhatta, B., Bista, K., & Sapkota, S. (2024). Effects of Different Sources of Fertilizers on Growth and Yield of Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) . Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 12(6), 932–939. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v12i6.932-939.6636



Research Paper