The Effect of Different Oryzalin and Colchicine Concentrations Supplemented to In vitro Regeneration Medium on Tetraploid Plant Production in Eggplant
Keywords:Pollen fertility, Colchicine, Chromosome doubling, In vitro regeneration, Oryzalin
AbstractThe objective of this study is to obtain tetraploid plants in eggplant cultivars, Faselis (F1) and Karnaz (F1), by applying colchicine and oryzalin in in vitro regeneration medium (RM: MS with 10 ÂµM BA and 1 ÂµM IAA). In the study, leaf explants which have been incubated on the solidified RM for 5 or 7 days were cultured on the same medium with 2.5 or 3.75 mM colchicine for 8, 16 or 32 hours; or with 28.8 or 43.2 ÂµM oryzalin for 12, 24 or 36 hours. Then the explants were transferred to RM without colchicine and oryzalin. Callus, buds or short shoots formed in the RM were transferred to MS medium with 0.5 Î¼M BA to obtain long plants. The ploidy levels of regenerants were determined by flow cytometry. In Karnaz, higher tetraploid plant formation was achieved from 3.75 mM colchicine compared to 2.5 mM colchicine. The highest tetraploid plant rate was obtained by applying of 43.2 ÂµM oryzalin for 24 hours to the explants after incubation on the RM for 7 days. Pollen viability of the tetraploid plants produced by application of colchicine and oryzalin were 76.99% and 81.19% and germination were 19.14% and 17.98%. In Faselis, tetraploid plants were obtained by applying 2.5 mM colchicine to the explants for 8 or 32 hours after incubation on RM for 7 days. However, in the oryzalin experiment, the higher tetraploid plants were produced when the explants were incubated for 5 days in the RM. Pollen viability of the tetraploid plants obtained from applications of colchicine and oryzalin were 86.41% and 95.68% and germination were 26.54% and 28.47%.
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