Farmers' Views on Organic Grape Production in Adıyaman Province: Method Adoption and Problems
Keywords:Organic farming, environment, sustainability, health, marketing, Adıyaman
Healthy life in a sustainable environment is possible with accessible food production. The Covid-19 epidemic is a serious threat worldwide. This epidemic has revealed the importance of agricultural products. One of the most important areas of the epidemic affecting the whole world is exports; however, increased demand for agricultural products and exports in the epidemic process in Turkey. Turkey has a say in the trade of seedless dried grapes in the world. Seedless dried grape is on the healthy products list of the WHO. In 2019/2020, it had a share of 36% of world exports (with 246 thousand tons of export). This study was performed to evaluate their thoughts and farmers’ problems with the adoption of organic farming in Besni district of Adıyaman. The research conducted in-depth interviews with the farmers producing organic grapes. Also, a face-to-face survey was conducted with 50 farmers. According to the findings, the land width of the farmers is not much. It has an average growing area of 37.52 decares. An average yield of 1.808 kg da-1 is obtained from this area. Serious differences have been found between conventional and organic farming. Moreover, government supports, high product prices, income, health, sustainability, and environmental protection are reasons farmers switch to organic farming. However, farmers argue that organic farming is less costly than conventional farming. Access to chemicals and marketing are major problems. As a result, farmers should be informed about organic farming. Additionally, it is thought that these studies will increase the productivity and product quality of the farmers. It is predicted that it will prevent rural to urban migration in the region.
Acıbuca V, Eren A, Bostan Budak D. 2018. The Faced Problems of Organic Farming Producers (Sample of Mardin Province), Journal of Bahri Dagdas Crop Research 7(2): 39-46.
Akkurt M, Şenses İM, Erdoğan Ü. 2018. Organic viticulture recent status in Turkey and development, Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 6(11): 1511- 1516.
Anonymous, 2021. Figure 1. Available from: https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Besni Accesed: 26.02.2021.
Baysel B. 2013. Türkiye’de organik tarım üretiminin önemi ve tarımsal ürün ihracatı içerisindeki payı. Istanbul Trade University, Institute of Social Science, Istanbul.
Crowder DW, Reganold JP. 2015. Financial competitiveness of organic agriculture on a global scale. Proc Natl Acad Sci U.S.A. 112, 7611-7616. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1423674112.
Demiryürek K. 2011. The concept of organic agriculture and current status of in the world and Turkey, Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, 28(1), 27-36.
El Bilali H. 2020. Organic food and farming in West Africa: A systematic review. LANDBAUFORSCH J Sustainable Organic Agric Syst ·70(2):94-102, DOI:10.3220/ LBF1611507579000.
Eyhorn F, Muller A, Reganold JP, Frison E, Herren HR, Luttikholt L. 2019. Sustainability in global agriculture driven by organic farming. Nature 2, 253–255. doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0266-6.
Gök SA. 2008. An Assessment of Trade in Turkish Organic Products in The Expanding Market of European Union, Expertise Thesis, The Turkish Republic Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Department of External Relations and EU Coordination, Ankara.
Gülgör Doğan E. 2017. Economy of organic farming and consumer trends, MSc. Thesis, Namık Kemal University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economy, Tekirdag.
İpek S, Yaşar Çil G. 2010. Organic agriculture and state subsidies in the dimension of international trade, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Development, (5:1), 135-162, Canakkale.
Kahveci Ş, Ataseven Y. 2020. Investigation of organizational models in organic agricultural production in Turkey, Third Sector Social Economic Review 55(4), 2341-236, doi: 10.15659/3.sektor-sosyal-ekonomi.20.11.1451.
Karabaş S, Gürler AZ. 2011. A comparative analysis of organic farm and conventional farm, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University Journal of Social and Economic Research, 13 (21): 75-84.
Kalaycı, Ş. 2016. SPSS Uygulamalı Çok Değişkenli İstatistik Teknikleri, Asil Publishing, 7nd Edition, Ankara.
Kaya A., Bay S. 2020. Organic Grape Production and Producer Status in Adıyaman Province; Example of Besni District. Turkish Journal of Agriculture -Food Science and Technology,8(9): 1988-1993.
Kaya, A. 2021. Organic farming and policies applied in Turkey.
Kızılaslan H, Taner L. 2011 Technical and economical problems of producers in organic and conventional greenhouse vegetable production (The case of Sivas province, Ulaş district), Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, 28(2), 135-143.
Kızılaslan H, Olgun A. 2012. Organic agriculture and supports given to organic agriculture in Turkey, Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University, 29 (1), 1-12.
Kurnaz V. 2020. Factors Affecting Organic Plant Production Preference: The Research of Ankara Provınce, Ankara University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ankara.
Lampkin N. 1990. Organic Farming. Ipswich: Farming Press.
MAF, 2021. Agricultural products markets-Grape, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Agricultural Economic and Policy Development Instute, Available from: https://araştirma.tarimorman.gov.tr/tepge, Accesed: 27.02.2021.
Mehrabi Z, Ramankutty N. 2019. Synchronized failure of global crop production. Nat Ecol Evol. 3, 780–786. doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0862-x.
Merdan K. 2019. Current situation and development potential of organic agriculture in European Union countries, Eurasian Journal of Researches in Social and Economics, 6(1): 167-186.
Müller C, Elliott J, Pugh TAM, Ruane AC, Ciais P, Balkovic J. 2018. Global patterns of crop yield stability under additional nutrient and water inputs. PLoS ONE 13:e0198748. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198748.
Özbağ BC. 2010. Economic Analysis of Organic Farming in Turkey, Uludag University, Insitute of Natural and Applied Science, PhD Dissertation, Bursa.
Özdamar K. 1999. Paket Programlar ile İstatistiksel Veri Analizi I. Eskişehir, Kaan Kitapevi.
Özdemir G, Sessiz A, Çetin Ö, Bolu H, Güler A. 2019. Organik Üzüm Yetiştiriciliği, Nobel Publishing, Istanbul.
Öztürk D, İslam A. 2014. Marketing of organic products in Turkey, Journal of Social Science Studies, I, (2014): 75-94.
Peeters A, Lefebvre O, Balogh L, Barberi P, Batello C, Bellon S, Gaifami T, Gkisakis V, Lana M, Migliorini P, Ostermann O, Wezel A. 2020. A Green Deal for implementing agroecological systems: Reforming the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union, LANDBAUFORSCH · J Sustainable Organic Agric Syst · 70(2):83-93, 10.3220/LBF1610123299000.
Rehber E. 2011. Organik Tarım Ekonomisi. Bursa, Ekin Basım Yayın Dağıtım.
Schmidhuber J., Tubiello FN. 2007. Global food security under climate change. Proc Nat Acad Sci U.S.A. 104, 19703-19708. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0701976104.
Smith OM, Cohen AL, Rieser CJ, Davis AG, Taylor JM, Adesanya AW, Jones MS, Meier AR, Reganold JP, Orpet RJ, Northfield TD, Crowder DW. 2019. Organic farming provides reliable environmental benefits but increases variability in crop yields: A global meta-analysis, Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Vol 3, Article 82, 1-10, doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2019.00082.
Vatansever Deviren N, Çelik N. 2017. Evaluation of economic aspects of organic agriculture in the world and Turkey, The Journal of International Social Research, 10(48): 669-678.
Willer H, Lernoud J, Kemper L. 2019. The World of Organic Agriculture, eds H.Willer and J. Lernoud. Frick: FiBL.
Yercan M. 2003. Agricultural Cooperatives, Ege University Agricultural Application and Research Center, Farmer Brochure:34.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.