Evaluation of Cocoa Bean Hulls as a Fat Replacer On Functional Cake Production

Elif Öztürk, Gülden Ova

Abstract


The effects of raw and leached cocoa bean hulls were investigated as a fat replacer in pound cakes. This substitution was applied for raw (RCBH) and leached (LCBH) grinded cacao bean hulls/oil in the ratios of 30/70 (30%), 40/60 (40%) and 50/50 (50%). Chemical, physical and sensorial properties of raw and leached cocoa bean hulls were studied as well as fat substituted cakes. Ash, protein, total phenolic compounds and total antioxidant activity decreased with leaching process. Crude fiber content increased in fat substituted cakes compared to control cake. RCBH cakes showed higher bioactive components than LCBH cakes because of raw cocoa bean hulls were higher phenolic compounds and total antioxidant activities than leached cocoa bean hulls. The results showed that 50% of vegetable oil replacement with raw cocoa bean hull in cake formulation significantly improved chemical, physical and sensory properties of fat substituted cakes.

Keywords


Cocoa bean hulls; Fat substituted cakes; Total antioxidant activity; Total phenolic compouns; Fiber

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v6i8.1043-1050.1934

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





Our Journals

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology

International Journal of Poultry - Ornamental Birds Science and Technology

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Technical Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Health and Medical Sciences

Our congresses

International Anatolian Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biology Congress (TARGID)

International Congress of the Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF)

Our Youtube Channel

TURAS TV

Our Books

Our Scientific Books

About Us

The Turkish Science and Technology Publishing (TURSTEP) is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2013 and based in Turkey, the TURSTEP as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Turkey and around the world, to connect with one another. The TURSTEP disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

       

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

teditor@agrifoodscience.com

Business Adress

Eğriköprü mh. Pilot Kaya İstektepe Cad. 9/1 BLOK Daire 7, 58050 Merkaz/Sivas, Turkey