Determination of Fe Deficiency Tolerance in Sunflower Genotypes

Ayfer Alkan Torun, Halil Erdem, Mustafa Bülent Torun

Abstract


Iron deficiency (Fe) is an important nutritional disorder of plants and humans worldwide including Turkey. Sunflower is known as a Fe sensitive crop and its deficiency leads to severe yield and quality losses. In this study, the sensitivity of different sunflower genotypes to Fe deficiency was determined. For this purpose, sunflower genotypes TR-6149-SA, TR-3080 and 6480 were grown either without Fe (0 µmol) or with Fe (100 µmol) hydroponically. At the end of experiment symptom grade, SPAD value, chlorophyll concentration, shoot dry matter yield, Fe-reductase activity, shoot Fe concentration and pH value of growth medium were measured. It was found out that Fe uptake and Fe reductase activity were the most important factors determining the Fe-deficiency tolerance of a genotype. In the deficiency of Fe conditions, the activity of Fe reductase enzyme in the roots was found higher in the genotype of TR-3080 compared to the other genotypes. The results revealed that the genotypic responses to the different Fe concentrations applied are significantly different and Fe reductase enzyme activity may play an important role in amelioration of iron deficiency.

Keywords


Iron; Chlorosis; Sunflower; Deficiency; Fe reductase

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v5i11.1323-1329.1401

 Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN: 2148-127X

Turkish JAF Sci.Tech.

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





Our Journals

Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology

International Journal of Poultry - Ornamental Birds Science and Technology

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Technical Science

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Health and Medical Sciences

Our congresses

International Anatolian Agriculture, Food, Environment and Biology Congress (TARGID)

International Congress of the Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology (TURJAF)

Our Youtube Channel

TURAS TV

Our Books

Our Scientific Books

About Us

The Turkish Science and Technology Publishing (TURSTEP) is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2013 and based in Turkey, the TURSTEP as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Turkey and around the world, to connect with one another. The TURSTEP disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

       

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

teditor@agrifoodscience.com

Business Adress

Eğriköprü mh. Pilot Kaya İstektepe Cad. 9/1 BLOK Daire 7, 58050 Merkaz/Sivas, Turkey