Determination of Response of Some Bread Wheat Varieties Against Leaf Diseases Under Ecological Conditions of Düzce in the Western Black Sea Region
Keywords:Wheat, Brown rust, Yellow rust, Septoria leaf spot
AbstractThis study was conducted to determine the response of 19 bread wheat varieties to natural infection of leaf diseases under ecological conditions of Düzce in the Western Black Sea Region. The trial was established in accordance with randomized block with four replications and the seeds were planted on 17.11.2015. The wheat varities were observed for the associated diseases including septoria leaf spot disease (caused by Septoria tritici during milking stage), yellow rust disease (caused by Puccinia striiformis at the end of the flowering period), brown rust disease (caused by Puccinia recondita at the beginning of milking stage). The disease severity were assessed in the field conditions according to natural contamination. According to determined diseases severity, the most sensitive variety against septoria leaf spot disease was “Bereket” with 60%, while the most tolerant variety was “Aslı” with 14%. The most sensitive variety against yellow rust disease was “Tekirdağ” with 45.4%, while the most tolerant variety was “Midas” with 0.6%. The most sensitive variety against brown rust disease was “Tahirova” with 22%, while the most tolerant variety was “Midas” with 0.2%. The results indicated that promising wheat varieties for future breeding studies were: Aldane, Aslı, Konya 2002, Köprü, Masaccio and Tosunbey (against septoria leaf spot disease), Aslı, Esperia, Kate A1, Karasunya Odeska, Masaccio and Midas (against yellow rust disease), Aldane, Aslı, Bereket, Köprü, Masaccio, Midas and Tekirdağ (against brown rust disease).
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